Different Types of Hydroponic Growing Systems

August 13, 2009 by  
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Hydroponic gardening is the way of the future for environmentally controlled agriculture. Hydroponic gardening eliminates soil borne pests and diseases and maximizes water and nutrient uptake by the plant. Incredible yields can be achieved in a relatively small space with hydroponic systems. There are many types of hydroponic growing systems available for home and commercial use. These systems include the Europonic Rockwood System, the Ebb and Flow System, Aeroponic Systems, Continuous Drip Systems, and Rockwool Based Systems. Hydroponic systems come in all shapes and sizes and can be adapted for nearly any budget.

Nutrient Film Technique, or NFT, is another popular system. The plants are held in troughs with nutrient solution constantly trickling over the roots. A reservoir with a pump that is submersible re-circulates the nutrient solution continually, pumping the solution to the top of the troughs to trickle back through the system. Larger Nutrient Film Technique systems are used commercially, both abroad and in the United States. When choosing a Nutrient Film Technique system, care must be taken to choose the correct trough size. Large commercial systems use wider troughs with greater flow capacity. Aeroponics is a system in which the plant’s roots are suspended in air. They are excellent for growing herbs and leafy vegetables. The plants are held in web pots with neoprene inserts to support the plant. Different hold configurations in the top cover provide the proper spacing. Aeroponic systems are also great propagators. The seedlings can be germinated in rockwool then transferred directly to the web pots. Aeroponic systems are also very popular at NASA research centers and other educational facilities around the world.

The Europonic System is modeled after commercial hydroponic growing  systems that are used in Europe. A basic system has three trays and holds eight plants each. The system may also be expanded to five trays if desired. A nutrient solution is pumped from a thirty-gallon reservoir to individual emitters at each plant. The solution trickles through the rockwool, over the roots, and back to the reservoir where it is re-circulated on a constant basis. Rockwool, or mineral wool, is the most popular and highly used hydroponic medium. It is made from spun material fibers and has a high water and air holding capacity. It can also be cut and formed into many shapes and sizes that allow many diverse growing applications. The Europonic System uses rockwool slabs with two slabs fitting into each tray. Rockwool is easily able to support a relatively extensive root system so the Europonic System is ideal for vine crops such as tomatoes, cucumber, and peppers, plus large flowering plants.

In a continuous drip hydroponic gardening system, a single pot is used with a two-gallon reservoir underneath. The system acts like a percolator as air is pumped down a vertical shaft, creating pressure, and nutrient solution is forced up another tube. A drip ring constantly irrigates the substrate, and the nutrient solution drains back into the reservoir. This type of system is easy to use, inexpensive, and great for individual experimentation. However, it is impractical for most commercial applications. Ebb and flow systems are also popular in hydroponics. They are good for crops such as lettuce, pepper plants, miniature tomatoes, and potted flowers. Ebb and flow systems can also be used as an herb garden to provide fresh basis, thyme, and oregano year round. Ebb and flow systems do have a few drawbacks, one including the possible buildup of fertilizer salts in the substrate. As the water evaporates between flooding, the salts are left behind as a residue and may rise to toxic levels. It is best to flush the system with pure water periodically to take away any toxic salt buildup.

What is Hydroponic Gardening?

August 4, 2009 by  
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Can you ever imagine that plants grow without soil? Surprised by the idea but it is true. The science and technology have made the most impossible things possible. Today nothing is seemingly out of reach of science and when science joins hands with nature new innovations take place. Such an innovation is the hydroponics gardening in which the plants are grown without any soil. The nutrients that are required for the plants to grow are supplied in a solution.

The plants get the essential ingredients for growth and thus flourish and nourish. Hydroponics has given plant agriculture a whole new perspective and is giving the technology for a new innovation to feed the ever growing population of world. Even a person who does not hold much interest in cultivation would be enthralled by this concept.

In hydroponics, the nutrients are distributed to the plant by an aqueous solution in place of the soil. This art of rising plants with no use of soil helps us to cultivate an assortment of plant is whichever type of weather or climate irrespective of the geographical location.

This type of gardening takes less space as soil is not needed; you can see your plants growing faster as this technique takes less time. You need to work less hard as the toil you need to do in your garden is considerably reduced. You can save loads of water that is required to moisten and feed the soil. You can easily recycle the nutrients in the solution and also there is no problem of pests or weeds. The yield is higher with lesser wastage.

Some of the advantages of the hydroponic gardening are:

The space requirement is less and yield is higher. For instance in a hydroponic acre you can easily grow about 10000 plants while in a soil acre it can only be about 33 percent of it.

You can grow plants easily out of the plant’s native place and climatic conditions. Each kind of plant can be grown at any point of the year irrespective of its season.  There is no need for crop rotation as the nutrients do not get depleted due to absence of soil.

So there are lots of advantages of hydroponics gardening and you can easily grow plants which you like.  Hydroponic gardening has really made a difference in the field of plants cultivation and created new possibilities which will definitely increase the yield.

Useful Information on Hydroponics Gardening

August 4, 2009 by  
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Hydroponic comes from a Latin word which means “working with water” and thus hydroponics gardening means the art of cultivating plants with water instead of soil.

Most people think that hydroponics means growing plants with their roots floating into the water.

However this is just a single type of hydroponic gardening which is known as Nutrient Film Technique or N.F.T. The N.F.T. is a very popular technique of plant cultivation hydroponically. There are different variations of Nutrient Film Technique which are used in different countries across the globe. Before discussing various approaches of N.F.T., let us find out how well does hydroponics work.

To know how a plant grows hydroponically is quite simple. You should know the needs of your plant, when to give it, the correct proportion of the nutrient. If you take care about these things then the plant will definitely grown much healthy than those plants that are grown in soil. All the nutrition fed to the plant is done through a nutrient solution.

The nutrient solution is the mixture of water and fertilizer. As the plant grows its needs and requirements changes and thus you can easily control and change the proportion of nutrients which should be given to the plant. The right strength and the pH of the nutrient solutions are very important and are very easy to adjust, so that your crops just get the right amount of food.

In a hydroponics gardening, the plants are grown using a growing medium. Growing medium is referred to any material in which the roots of the plants are placed and the right composition of nutrient solution is then fed to them.

The growing medium is important as it allows the plant roots to absorb the essential nutrient from the nutrient solution properly as compared to plants grown in soil, where the plant roots have to spend a lot of energy searching for the nutrients. There are a lot of substances that can be used as a growing medium. Some of the most commonly used growing mediums are coconut fiber, Rockwool, perlite, sand, vermiculite, gravel etc.

The faster and the greater production of crops are some of the many reasons that hydroponics is being adapted all over the globe. People have realized the potential in hydroponics and hydroponics gardening is also used all over the world for commercial food production.

Advantages of Hydroponics Gardening

August 4, 2009 by  
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Hydroponics, is the new scientific approach which is gradually becoming popular amongst most of the professional gardeners and with people who love to garden. Hydroponics is the science of growing the plants in specially prepared solutions instead of in soil. It is the easiest and the most useful method of growing plants.

One of the advantages of hydroponics gardening is that you can grow plants indoors, as you do not need soil for plant cultivation. In a geoponics, plants grow by extracting nutrients from the in soil with the help of their roots whereas in case of hydroponics the essential nutrients are pumped through water and the plant roots take up the nutrient from the water.

In a geoponics approach, the growth of the plant can be underdeveloped whereas in case of plants that are grown hydroponically, the plant growth is more abundant, as roots do not need to search for required nutrients. All the required nutrients are provided with water directly to the plant.

Few plants that can be grown in a hydroponics garden are spinach, tomatoes, lettuce, basil etc. One of the most important factors which influence the choice of plant to be grown hydroponically is the Space. Since the space is limited you should always choice a plant that have similar needs. As you gain experience in hydroponic gardening, you may find more plants that will be suitable to be grown together, thus saving lot of your space.

Some of the benefits of Hydroponics gardening are:

Hydroponics gardening is an easy, environmental friendly way of planting and cultivating plants. The plants grown hydroponically are healthier as compared to plants grown through geoponic methods.

Plant growth is much faster when they are grown hydroponically. On an average, plants grow at least 50% faster when grown hydroponically as compared to plants grown in soil. The reason for such fast growth is that the plants get easy access to all the essential nutrition, food and water.

Very less or negligible amount of pesticides are required when you grow plant hydroponically. Hence you get healthy and pesticide free fruits and vegetables.

In case a plant gets a disease, only that particular plant will get affected and not all.

As the plant growth does not require soil, plants can be grown in any place be it an apartment balcony or on a terrace and in any weather.

Hydroponics Gardening is Easy!

August 4, 2009 by  
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Before we decide whether hydroponics gardening is easy or not let us first know what exactly is hydroponic gardening. Hydroponics is a method of growing plants in which water containing the essential required necessary nutrients is pumped to the plants.

It has been proven that plants really do not need soil. The plants require soil just to get the essential nutrients and water that are present in it for their growth. In a hydroponics approach, different plants are grown without the help of soil. All the required nutrients are given through water because this approach is considered to be simpler and more effective way of providing nutrients to the plants.

When you grow plants in soil, the water and essential nutrients get scattered in different places randomly and the plants are required to expend more energy in order to search for the required nutrients. However, in a hydroponic gardening method the nutrients are dissolved in the water and are pumped or supplied directly to the roots. Thus fastening the growth of the plant and harvesting sooner.
The approach of growing plants hydroponically is not a new science. The science or the art of hydroponics has been around in various forms, for more than many years now. One of the outstanding examples of a hydroponic garden or the hydroponics gardening is the famous “Hanging Gardens of Babylon”.

The hydroponic approach of gardening can be seen in all the 50 American states and in most of the countries across the globe. In some places in the world where the climatic conditions are not favorable for outdoor plant growth wither because of too cold or too hot climates, most of the flower, fruits and vegetable crops are grown using this approach.

Most of the commercial gardeners and plant growers have now taken to the hydroponic approach at a surprising pace. With the help of the hydroponically approach of gardening we can even put an end to some of the subjects that people are concerned about like hunger and so on.

This is just the tip of the ice, with hydroponic techniques we can make the world a cleaner and better place to live in. Extensive research in this field is going on each and every day. People from different countries all over the world are building and buying their own hydroponic systems to grow healthier, fresh food crops and plants.

People all over the world have now realizing the scope of hydroponics gardening and some most of them are even making their dreams of having a greenhouse come true using the hydroponics gardening.

How to grow Hydroponics Garden?

August 4, 2009 by  
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Hydroponics gardening is a new wave and revolution in a dirt free gardening. As the population has grown and the available space on the earth to grow plants has shrunk and in such a situation, hydroponics gardening has come as a new technique of plant cultivation.

Hydroponics is the art of growing of plants through a mixture of water and nutrients. It is an easy and an efficient way of plant cultivation. Plants grown hydroponically are much healthier as compared to traditional soil based plants, as all the required nutrients are fed directly from the roots, without the need for big bags of gardening soil.

Do you remember your childhood summer holiday assignment in which you had to grow a sweet potato tubers in a water jars. By just providing essential nutrients through water, you could see it grow in a water jar. The hydroponics gardening also works the same way.

Steps that you need to follow to grow plants correctly in a hydroponically garden are given below.

Step 1# Choose right containers to plant crops for your hydroponic garden. You can consider using plastic containers, if you wish to use a hydroponic system with plants in water only.

Step 2 # Select appropriate plants according to the size of your containers. You can choose from almost any of the vegetable or fruits such as lettuce, tomatoes and cucumbers to grow.

Step 3 # Allocate a sunny location for hydroponic crops. Crops grown hydroponically need the same amount of sun light as plants grown in soil need.

Step 4 # To construct your hydroponics garden, you need to order hydroponic kits from any garden suppliers. You would require a simple hydroponic system, a plastic mesh tray, an air pump, and a soilless growing medium to support the roots of the plant. You can choose from sand, gravel, coconut husks as your growing medium.

Step 5# To prepare the container for planting the crop, add one to two inches of sand or coconut husks at the bottom of the container.

Step 6# Place the air pump and add plant nutrient solution in sufficient quantity to fill the container to a reasonable level and then place the mesh tray to cover the container top.

Step 7# Place your plants in the tray, allowing the roots to hang down from the top.

Step 8# Start the air pump when you have finished inserting the plants on the tray. The air pump will provide the required oxygen to the plant from its roots.

Step 9# Monitor the level of nutrient solution in your container.

Everything you want to know about Hydroponics Gardening

August 4, 2009 by  
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Hydroponics gardening can be very rewarding but the obstacles which are involved in it can be challenging not only for a novice but for an experienced gardener too.

Hydroponics gardening proves to be easy once you know the basics of it. You need to spend a little more time in fine tuning the system in case of you want to grow plants hydroponically in the correct manner.

Hydroponics gardening simply means the food is within the water. In order words, all essential nutrients are given to the plant through water. Hence to grow plants in a healthier manner you need to focus on plant type you want to grow and its nutrient requirement.

The nutrient solution is a mix of fertilizers and water. To give plant the required nutrient, you pump the water solution which has all the essential nutrients in correct proportion to the plant roots.

There are different ways of pumping in the nutrient solution to the plants. Few of the commonly used mediums are hand watering, the reservoir method, the flood and drain method, the drip system, the nutrient film technique, the wick system, aeroponics. With the help of these mediums nutrient solution is pumped and the plants root absorbs the required nutrients for its growth.

As there is different hydroponics growing systems, there are many different types of growing media too. Growing medium is referred to as a medium in which plant is grown. The roots of the plant are placed in the growing medium. Some of the different types of growing medium that are  most commonly use are Rockwool, expanded clay pellets, perlite, vermiculite mix, coconut coir mix, Volcanic rock chips, homemade hydro and so on.

The success of growing plants hydroponically largely depends on one single factor which is the quality of the nutrient solution. The nutrient given to the plants should be changed as they grow depending on the plant requirement.

The faster growth rates of the plants is the biggest magnetism to hydroponics gardening. You need to however be careful and monitor the plant growth. If you notice that the plants are not growing at a good pace, check your indoor conditions in which the plants are kept as they may be the factor for slow growth. However keeping the conditions right can also be a big problem for you especially if you are doing hydroponics gardening for the first time.

Essential Information about Hydroponics Gardening

August 4, 2009 by  
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Hydroponics Gardening is simple and easy. Once you are equipped with the basics of this technique and are set to start with it you will certainly enjoy doing it. You would really need to give in some time to fine tune the system. In hydroponics the nutrients and essential food is provided to plants through water and the technique is based around this notion only.

There are a variety of ways to supply nutrient rich content t plants. You should be able to choose the right kind of solution for the right kind of plant that you are planning to grow. For this a lot of information is readily available on the internet which you can study and get the required help. Few of the methods used in hydroponics are:

•    The reservoir method
•    Hand watering
•    The drip system
•    The flood and drain method
•    The wick system
•    The nutrient film technique
•    Aeroponics

The Basics of Feeding

Apart from the environment in which you set up your hydroponic system you should also be wary about the nutrients that you supply in the hydroponics system. If you do not make sure that the essential nutrients are supplied to the plants, then the plants will not be able to grow perfectly and your entire system will simply be an attempt in vain.  The requirement of the plant nutrients keep on changing as the plant grows, so you should be able to supply right kind of nutrients from time to time as food to plants.

Organic Hydroponics

The organic hydroponics are a perfect amalgamation of both the organic science and hydroponic. The organic ingredients are used to supply nutrients in the solution which are made of organic fertilizers. They are loads of benefits of Hydroponic gardening when you use organic ingredients.

Growing media

There are lots of medium which are used to provide the base for the hydroponic gardening. These media help to present the solution to the plants in a most suitable manner. You should be able to look out for the most feasible and affordable media so that you get the most benefits at lowest investment.  The best media which are widely used by people for hydroponic gardening are
•    Expanded clay pellets
•    Rock wool
•    Vermiculite mix
•    Volcanic rock chips
•    Perlite
•    coconut coir mix

Benefits of Hydroponic Gardening

August 4, 2009 by  
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In hydroponic gardening, plants grow by taking a direct & regular supply of essential nutrient rich water and oxygen from roots. It is a more efficient way to give plants what they require rather than planting them in soil. One of the benefits of hydroponic gardening is the stronger, healthier and bigger plant growth.

How many of you know that most of the fresh fruits and vegetables that we buy today are grown hydroponically. Almost all the fruits and vegetables these days are grown hydroponically. People have realized the huge potential in hydroponic gardening and are looking to expose every bit of it.

In case of home gardeners, growing crops hydroponically has its own set of advantages. You do not require much of the space to garden plants when you grow them hydroponically and thus almost all home gardeners can adapt this plant cultivation technique. For people having either no garden, challenging climatic conditions or poor soils can adapt to the hydroponic approach of growing plants.

No matter what may be the weather, you can enjoy gardening all around the year using hydroponic gardening. It is a clean, efficient & a low cost technique of plant cultivation. Unlike traditional plant growing technique, you do not need to be worried about pests when you grow plants hydroponically, thus eliminating the need for harmful pesticides.

Hydroponic gardening provides nearly guaranteed results in the form of healthier and safe fruits and vegetables. It has been seen that plants grow faster when grown hydroponically as compared to traditional plant growing techniques.

Although you need to have some basic technical knowledge before you plan to build your own hydroponic garden. Along with some technical knowledge you need some basic equipment & materials in order to set up your hydroponic garden.

There is a lot of information, including complete guides to set up, building and maintain hydroponics garden which are available online. You need to do some research and find out the best guide which will give you complete information about hydroponic gardening. These guides come handy not only for a beginner but for expert gardeners too as they give you tips and tricks about hydroponic gardening.

You can grow almost everything in your hydroponic garden. Some of the most common things that can be grown are lettuce, bean sprouts, orchids, bell peppers, tomatoes, herbs, green onions, strawberries, bedding plants & exotic houseplants. However the size of the available space for setting up hydroponics garden is a big factor in determining the plant type.

Learn More about Hydroponics Gardening

August 3, 2009 by  
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We all love plants and they make our days brighter. Watching the flowers bloom inside your room gives you happiness. The lush green scene in your terrace garden simply freshens up your mood. Imagine having a cup of coffee amidst green plants in the morning with sun-kissed lilies and roses. Gardening is a really relishing regime in which you get to enjoy each moment; you may not have lots of time to spend in nourishing your plants still you may go on with your hobby of gardening.

Hydroponics is a unique method in which you can grow plants innovatively and also get great results.  Hydroponics is the method of growing plants and vegetables without any use of soil. It uses nutrient augmented solution to provide the plants whatsoever they require with no need to use soil. Many people have a preference for this technique of rising plants as they can have power over the nutrients and oxygen that the plants get, and in that way speeding up the growth of the plants.

Specialized growers spend thousands of dollars on hydroponics gardens; however you can create a hydroponics garden at your residence with smallest amount of investment. You need not be worried about loads of expenditure. There are special processes to establish a hydroponic garden.

These are several things which you would need before you start a Hydroponics Garden are bubbler, hydroponic solution, vermiculite or Rockwool, plastic cup with holes, hydroponic pot, pump, pH test kit.
Use vermiculite or Rockwool to anchor the roots. Take the plastic cups cut holes into them to suspend the plants into the hydroponic pot. You can use any plant like tomato, lettuce, peppers, herbs or cucumber to grow.

You just need to place the submersible fish tank bubbler in the plant and pump it into the hydroponics pot.  Just fill it with mixture of hydroponic solution along with water. The bubbler and pump will aerate the water and push the water and nutrient solution to the roots of the plants. Use the pH kit to monitor the pH level of water. The pH level must not be lower than 6.0. This allows the liquid to go down to the lowest level of the roots and then amend it. Under usual condition the hydroponics solution is supposed to be changed in every fourteen days so that the plant life gets a stable supply of nutrients.

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